Of course, once you’ve got some idea of what things you have, you probably need to figure out how to store them.
As with the other sections here, there’s no one right answer. Your space, your preferences, what you want easy access to, are all going to affect how to shelve things.
I do have some tips for sorting it out.
Where will you use things?
This is the obvious sort of question – it probably makes sense to shelve cookbooks near your kitchen, crafting books near where you do crafts, children’s books where you read to your children (or they read to themselves), and so on.
You may not have perfect space to do all of that, but starting with the books that are most rooted in a particular task will get you started.
Plan for expansion
When you’re laying out shelving, think about where in your collection you may want to add more items in the future.
If you’re shifting over more items to ebooks, maybe you’re going to buy physical copies more heavily in some areas. (Books you want to lend people, or have in print, or books that don’t have electronic versions), and other areas of your collection won’t need much expansion space.
Consider building a virtual collection list first
You may find it easier to create a digital list of what you have first (or, well, I suppose you could also do a big stack of index cards.)
This will let you get a count of different types of books, and also a better sense of what you have. It’s also often a task that can be broken down into small manageable pieces more easily than actually moving everything around.
Tip: I found it easiest to work by taking a photo on my phone of 8-10 books (stack, as they would be on the shelf or flat, whatever fit in the camera frame readably.) I’d take a string of photos, then go enter them comfortably at my computer.
LibraryThing and some other catalog tools have scanning options, as well.
What groups matter to you?
We’ve talked already about books you may use in a specific place, but this is the time when you split things up.
Some people shelve their collections by author, A to Z, regardless of topic. Some people shelve by size, or colour, or other factors.
Some people shelve by type of book – topic or genre. This is what I do: all my modern fantasy books are in one place, all my mysteries together, all the non-fiction history together. (I group by subgenre, because when I am standing there going ‘what do I want to read’ my answer is usually a subgenre: “I’m in the mood for a historical mystery.” and when it isn’t, it’s a specific book, and it’s easy to find it on the genre shelving.
One shelf has my astronomy and astrology and stories about constellations and planets. Other people might entirely separate these three. Another shelf has what I refer to as ‘ritual technology’ – material on how to do things in magical or religious ritual, relevant to my religious witchcraft practice.
Your groups are almost certainly different, but find what works for you.
Expect the process to take a while.
I mean both that it will take some time to sort out, and that you’re probably going to end up doing more than one iteration of how things are laid out.
Chances are pretty good you’ll discover something in the first round that makes sense in your head, and not so much when you actually try it. (This happens no matter how sensible your planning process is, I think.)
Move things around virtually first
When I was setting up my bookshelves in my current apartment, I first put everything into LibraryThing.
Once I had that, I added tags to group them by, and figured out about how many books I had in each of the major tags. I set up a spreadsheet where I could list all of the possible topics, and then another sheet where I had a list of major subjects down the side, and then boxes along the horizontal for each possible shelving space.
I counted how many books would fit comfortably on each possible shelf, and then moved things around until I got shelf counts that made sense for me.
Move things around physically
For physical books and other items, there’s no denying you will eventually need to move things around physically.
I tend to strongly prefer to do this kind of thing by setting aside time to do it over the course of a week or so (maybe in segments, depending on your space) with some room to leave things in stacks on the floor temporarily while I’m arranging things.
Your stamina stands a good chance of being greater than mine, so maybe you can do it in the course of one or two more intensely busy days.
Either way, there’s a balancing act between arranging things mentally and getting them in the right places. If you need to move things in larger chunks, some banker’s boxes or cardboard book boxes can help you store and move things around temporarily.
Group items by shelf
Usually, it will go faster if you work on getting items for a given shelf in the right place, and then you can worry about arranging them on that shelf further. This may lead to stacks of books all over the place temporarily. If that’s a problem for you, try sorting things out into labelled boxes, or doing just a shelf or two at a time.
Finally, organise the shelves
This is something that may depend on your actual physical setup, and how much you care about precise order. Because I double stack some books (so many books, not enough wall space), I don’t worry about having books within each shelf highly organised by author or series, because they’re in small enough groupings I can spot things.
At times when I’ve had more space to play with, I’ve usually preferred to shelve my fiction by author, and by internal chronology of the series (though there are some series where I prefer publication order – it’s weird what things we have a really strong opinion about!) My shelves, though, so my strong opinion is fine.